PDA Photo Browser
As the computational power and storage capacitiy of PDAs increase,
photo browsers are emerging as a feasible and important application
for these devices. We developed two browsers to support large photo
collections on PDAs. Our first browser uses a traditional, folder
based layout that utilizes either the user's manually created
organization structure, or a system-generated structure. Our second
browser uses a novel interface that is based on a vertical, zoomable
timeline. This Timeline browser does not require users to organize
their photos, but instead, relies solely on system-generated
structure. Our system creates a hierarchical structure of the user's
photos by applying time-based clustering to identify subsets of photos
that are likely to be related. In a user experiment, we compared
users' searching and browsing performance across these browsers, using
each user's photo collection. Photo collection sizes varied between
500 and 3000 photographs. Our results show that our Timeline browser
is at least as effective for searching and browsing tasks as a
traditional browser that require users to manually organize their
Timeline Browser: 5 month view
Timeline Browser: thumbnail view
More screenshots coming soon...
Susumu Harada, Mor Naaman, Yee Jiun Song, QianYing Wang, and Andreas Paepcke,
"Lost in memories: Interacting With Large Photo Collections on
Technical report 2003-30.
As increasing portions of consumer and professional photographs are
shot with digital cameras, the tedium of managing these online images
ressembles that of traditional paper photos. The Stanford PhotoBrowser
explores how a lifetime's worth of digital photographs can best be
browsed, searched, and captioned with minimum effort.
This PhotoBrowser video presents a first step in this
exploration. The video must be viewed with a Quicktime player.
Open Quicktime then File-->Open URL. Paste in this URL.
For this initial step we constrained our designs to require no human
organizational effort at all. We challenged ourselves to create photo
browser designs that use only information that is automatically
available for digital photographs.
We show two designs, our Calendar Browser, and our
Hierarchical Browser. Both browsers are intended for individual
photographers. The two browsers use a clustering engine as a
computational substrate. This engine clusters the images recursively by
time. The intuition behind the clustering is that a photographer takes
pictures in 'bursts'. One burst might be a birthday, another burst
could be a vacation. By recursively isolating these batches of
photographs at increasingly fine granularity, we can organize the
images by photographic themes.
Adrian Graham and Hector Garcia-Molina and Andreas Paepcke and Terry Winograd,
"Time as Essence for Photo Browsing Through Personal Digital Libraries",
Proceedings of the Second ACM/IEEE-CS Joint Conference on Digital
Libraries, July 14-18 2002, p.326-335. Also as technical report
Karen D. Grant and Adrian Graham and Tom Nguyen and Andreas Paepcke and Terry Winograd,
"Beyond the Shoe Box: Foundations for Flexibly Organizing Photographs on a Computer"
January 28, 2003.
Technical Report 2003-3